da la la la la da la la la la da la la la la

"No matter what time it is, wake me, even if it's in the middle of a cabinet meeting."

Ronald Reagan

9.  The Moon and the Sun may appear bigger on the horizon, not because they orbit the Earth in an ellipse, but because of stereo-optical illusion, and the perfectly spherical curvature of the Earth, and the affects of some lensing refraction from the Earth's atmosphere. The apparent size of the sun and moon at the ascendant or descendant, where they rise and set, compared with the midheaven, is affected by the atmosphere and curvature of the Earth, and the distance that their light has to travel through the variable mediating conditions. The curvature of the Earth and its atmosphere can have a lensing effect which may magnify images of the stars, the sun, and the moon along the horizons.

When just rising in the line of section where they appear, the Sun or Moon may seem to be close to the ground, just grazing the horizon, where there are things like mountains, trees, and buildings to compare and frame their size. When they are way up high in the sky at midheaven, there is nothing around them for easy comparison to frame their size for the eye, except the vast and deep empty-looking sky. There is an affect like "Ebbinghaus Illusion", where identically sized objects appear to be different sizes when placed in different surroundings.

The objects surrounding another object have an effect on the brain. For example, smaller circles surrounding an object make it appear bigger than when it is surrounded by larger circles. The affect of the horizon is like smaller circles, which make an object seem larger; and the affect of deep sky is like larger circles, which make an object seem smaller.

Also, the brain is used to objects that are moving towards the horizon becoming smaller, like birds, planes, ships, and clouds, etc. When the moon suddenly appears, in contrast, it is not going away but coming around and toward the observer by its orbit. This adds something to the affect of apparent largeness in space.

Differences in background, and visual effects from the frame of the horizon, and the spherical curvature of Earth and space, can make them appear bigger when low on the horizon. Also, it seems that on the horizon blue light is scattered more than red light, and there is a greater index in density of refraction, causing the Moon and Sun to appear flatter and wider.

As much as the appearance of sunrise and sunset are aspects in themselves, the sun and moon appearing to be bigger and closer on the horizon than at midheaven is an illusion. It is not due to actual distance but to differences in binocular disparity. Since it is an optical illusion, it is not part of an example for the coincidence of an ellipse, and nothing at all to do with gravity by the inverse squared or any supposed rotation of Earth. 

The angular size of the full Moon in the sky can vary between 36 arc minutes (0.6 degrees) at perigee, and 30 arc minutes (0.5 degrees) at apogee; but this difference occurs only in the periodisation within an accumulation of lunar orbits, not over the course of one night or one semi-circle, as the Moon rises and goes around.

The full moon rising in the horizon over Jacskonville, Florida at 81.66 W, for example, may appear bigger there in the early evening than at midnight over Genoa, Italy, at 8"55"58 E, where it appears at the same time, when it would be at the same one place in space vis-a-vis the earth -- as it always is in one place at a time, and going only one speed at a time, as much as the sun and the other planets and all the stars -- but the object is not superficially closer to Jacksonville than Genoa, and not for the sake of an ellipse.

The shortest distance between two points is still a straight line, and from a universal technicality of geometry it is actually closer to Genoa than Jacksonville at that time. Yet wherever it is in the sky, the center of the Moon or the Sun, or of any star, is only one distance away from the center of the Earth at a time. If for a little while the Moon, or Venus, or Jupiter seems bigger when in the skyline, it is because of the earth's atmosphere and the effects of an optical illusion.

For all that and so forth, a high level Freemason from NASA administration or the Bohemian Grove may raise objections, and say that if the earth does not orbit the sun, it could be orbiting clouds or Jupiter by relativity, and nobody could tell, because indeed the Moon going around the earth goes slower when it is closer, and faster when it is further away. 

Because the moon's activity would prove that the earth can revolve at different speeds along its latitudes, because if the moon goes slower with less radius from the center of the diagram, then so does the earth. Therefore, it should be true that the equator is spinning faster than the 40th parallel -- the one running through the Kansas-Nebraska state line, Manhattan, and Spain, etc. -- since the equator is further from the center. If it were only a matter of smoke and fire and a bag of confusion around the old owl at the Bohemian Grove, maybe so -- but not really.

The supposed rotational velocities for Quito, Ecuador and New York City can be figured with the formula for angular velocity, as well as by dividing circumeference of parallel by the 24 hour day. For instance, v = wr, where omega becomes pi/12=.261799387, and the radius of parallel at the equator is 3963 miles, which brings a speed of 1038 mph. The radius of parallel at the 40th longitude north is 3035.658 miles, which yields a rate of 794 mph, and so forth.

So when the moon's orbit has less radius it goes slower, and then so does the rotation of the earth. In terms of radius from the center, as less radius is naturally less velocity for the moon, so it is with the terrestrial factors of the earth.

Yet this is a false comparison, a false objection by fallacy of composition, since the rate of lunar orbit in a separate sphere of space is a different question from the latitudes of earth as latitudes of earth. The parts of circular velocity have characteristics such that, all other things being equal, as radius decreases velocity decreases; but the whole picture of the elements involved in the orbit of the moon is essentially different from the terrestrial qualification, because each orbit is unique ab origine, whereas the earth is simply condensed all together at once.

Besides adding to the proof (e.g. v=wr) that the moon travels slower when closer to Earth, and faster when further away, the seven traditional planets and the zodiac show that the Earth must be at the center of the ecliptic, and, therefore, of the cosmos as well, for where the planets wander from sign to sign, the Earth by contrast is in all of them all the time always.

And so, the duration of lunar phases, caused by the sun, and the aspects thus formed with the other planets and stars of the ecliptic, show that the Earth is not moving. The Moon is fitted and running too deep, going from east to west as much as the stars, to be going the wrong way from west to east: yet too close to Earth, and with too much nautical bearing, for the world to be spinning away into the east from underneath the direction of signs.

The phases of the moon are caused by the sun and moon both orbiting the earth in the same direction, with the sun always traveling faster from further away. The daily changing angle of the aspect between them causes the lunar cycle; and from day to day, over each twenty-four hour stage of any lunar phase, the aspects between them and the zodiac and the planets last much too long for the earth to be spinning away in the view. The moon is much closer to earth than the stars and the sun, and going the same direction from east to west, and the Earth never rotates away under the line of any aspect any more than from any eclipse.

Again and again, in circles throughout the days, all the stars and planets of the ecliptic more distant than the Moon gradually catch up to it and pass it, as they all orbit the earth from East to West but much faster.

Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn follow great orbits in their spheres, and all transit to a full 180 degrees opposition with the Earth in between them and the sun. Far away on the other side of the Earth, with the Earth in between, such a position shows that they are not orbiting the sun from six signs away, as the sun orbits the Earth, but that they are orbiting the Earth in their own time from beyond the sun.

In contrast, Mercury and Venus are never more than two signs (not more than 60 degrees) away from the sun. Often they are in one of the two houses neighboring the sun, or in the same one as the sun; and, therefore, apparently may be orbiting the sun as it orbits the Earth. But for the seven days a week and the seven planets, none of it between any of them or all the rest is because of Newtonian “gravity”.

Mercury and Venus, in fact, seem to be the only two planets orbiting the sun: and for this reason Mercury has been known as the messenger of the gods, and Venus as the star of the morning, or the star of the evening, depending whether it is in front of or following the sun. These two planets travel in weaves around the Earth. The patterns of Venus around the sun, as it orbits the Earth through the years, have been the basis of the pentagram, for instance -- and the cyclical patterns of Mercury around the sun, the basis of the hexagram. 

The moon is in a sign for only 2.333 to 2 ½ days, because it cannot keep up with the fixed stars in the distant background that are traveling around the Earth much faster from their spheres. Whereas the sun is in a sign for a month, Mars about two months, and Jupiter is in a sign for a year, Saturn is the traditional visible planet orbiting the earth from furthest away. As above, so below, and v = wr of the seven classic planets. Thus Saturn goes the fastest from its sphere, and is in a sign for about 2 ½ to 3 years, and a golf ball dropped from there may take 120 years to land on Earth, et cetera, which is an orb far away and a long time.  

Esse quam videri

"The answer to this debate is elusive but via studious contemplation it becomes apparent that truth lies with the realists in that reality is governed by a set of abstract entities known as universals. Before proceeding any further it is necessary to provide a brief outline as to what is meant by metaphysical realism and nominalism, firstly what is metaphysical realism?

Metaphysical realism is the set of beliefs explaining how reality is built up in two layers, particulars and universals."


Transcendental numbers like Pi, C/D, support realism: "Platonic realism", formally that is, rather than nominalism, since nominalism is lacking that sort of formality. The calculations themselves are not in name only but from some metaxology that must be real.

So does the aether bear some weight, which Einstein arbitrarily abolished. As Dr. Richard Weaver noted in "Ideas Have Consequences", nominalism undercuts trust and confidence and contributes to skepticism, relativism, bad form, confusion, cynicism, and public mistrust, if not nihilism.

In an ironic way, Heliocentrism is a "nominalist" school, where truth exists in name only not reality; since ultimately the "real world" of nominalism passes away like "dust in the wind", and the facts with it.

Does "nowhere" exist in name only? Or is it "real" and just a manner of speaking by some formal predication?